Quantcast circuitry. To produce a suitable signal, a preamplifier, a post amplifier, and other circuitry are generally included in the receiver. "> Receiver design

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RECEIVER DESIGN

The simplest fiber optic receivers consist of only the optical detector and a load resistor. However, the output signal of these simple receivers is not in a suitable form for most types of interfacing circuitry. To produce a suitable signal, a preamplifier, a post amplifier, and other circuitry are generally included in the receiver.

The choice of an optical detector and the design of the preamplifier help determine the operational characteristics of the receiver. Fiber optic receivers using APDs have greater sensitivity than those using PIN photodiodes.

In addition, trade-offs are made in preamplifier designs to increase sensitivity while optimizing bandwidth and dynamic range. The two basic types of amplifiers used in fiber optic receivers are the high-impedance amplifier and the transimpedance amplifier.

The high-impedance preamplifier is generally used with a large load resistor to improve sensitivity. The large load resistor is used to reduce thermal noise. Although the high-impedance preamplifier achieves high sensitivity, receiver bandwidth and dynamic range are limited. The transimpedance preamplifier uses a low-noise, high-input impedance amplifier with negative feedback. This design provides improvements in bandwidth and dynamic range with some degradation in sensitivity from an increase in noise. For more information on receiver performance and design, refer to the reference material listed in appendix 2.

Q.25 What are the two basic types of preamplifiers used in fiber optic receivers?
Q.26 Which preamplifier design (high-impedance or transimpedance) provides improvements in bandwidth and greater dynamic range with some degradation in sensitivity from an increase in noise?




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