Quantcast transmitters. For information on fiber optic receiver packages, refer back to the fiber optic transmitter packages section of chapter 6. FIBER OPTIC RECEIVER APPLICATIONS "> Fiber optic receiver packages

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FIBER OPTIC RECEIVER PACKAGES

Fiber optic receivers come in packages similar to those for fiber optic transmitters. For information on fiber optic receiver packages, refer back to the fiber optic transmitter packages section of chapter 6.

FIBER OPTIC RECEIVER APPLICATIONS

Fiber optic receivers can be classified into two categories: digital and analog. Digital receivers detect the input optical signal, amplify the digital photocurrent, and reshape the signal to produce an undistorted output electrical signal.

Analog receivers detect the input optical signal and amplify the generated photocurrent.

Digital Applications

For most digital applications the designs of the digital fiber optic receivers are similar. For low-data-rate applications, PIN diodes and high impedance amplifiers are generally used.

Receiver sensitivities are maximized by using large load resistors in the photodiode circuit. For moderate-data-rate applications, PIN diodes and either high impedance amplifiers with smaller load resistances or transimpedance amplifiers are used. For high-data-rate applications, PINs or APDs are used with transimpedance amplifiers. APDs are rarely used in low- or moderate-data-rate applications unless receivers with extremely low sensitivities are required.

For each digital application, the receiver will generally contain a low-pass filter. The pass-band of the filter depends on the data rate of the application. The filter is used to smooth the amplified signal to remove some of the high frequency noise before the signal is further processed. The digital receiver generally contains a comparator, which reshapes the amplified electrical signal to remove any distortions introduced in the transmission process. In some cases the receiver may also contain clock recovery circuitry, which retimes the output electrical signal as well.

Q.27 For what types of applications are APDs generally used?
Q.28 Why is a low-pass filter generally part of a digital fiber optic receiver?

Analog Applications

Analog receivers are similar in design to digital receivers with the exception that digital signal restoring circuitry is not used. The preamplifier and postamplifiers are designed to be more linear than those used in digital receivers in some cases.

For low-frequency applications, PIN diodes and high impedance amplifiers are generally used. For moderate-frequency applications, PIN diodes and either high impedance amplifiers or transimpedance amplifiers are used. For high-frequency applications, PINs or APDs are used with transimpedance amplifiers. As in digital applications, APDs are rarely used in low- or moderate-frequency applications unless receivers with extremely low sensitivities are required.




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