ANALYSIS AND FIGURED BASS
Roman and Arabic numerals are used to indicate chords and doublings. Roman numerals are used for analysis and to indicate chord roots. The Roman numeral will correspond to the scale degree on which the triad is built. An upper case Roman numeral indicates a major triad (unless qualified). A lower case Roman numeral indicates a minor triad (unless qualified). A plus sign (+) qualifies an upper case Roman numeral to indicate an augmented triad. A circle (o) qualifies a lower case Roman numeral to indicate a diminished triad. All other alterations or additions are indicated with chromatic signs and Arabic numerals.
FIGURE 5.4: Analysis
When no Arabic numerals appear, a root doubled is
root position triad is intended.
FIGURE 5.5: Doubled Root Figuring
FIGURE 5.6: Double Fifth Figuring
FIGURE 5.7: Doubled Third Figuring
FIGURE 5.8: Tripled Root Figuring
FIGURES 5.9: Accidentals and Figured Bass