Surface Area and Volume
The lateral area of a cylinder is the area ofits curved surface, excluding the area of its bases. Figure 18-15 illustrates an experimental method of determining the lateral area of a right circular cylinder.
The card of length L and width W in figure18-15 is rolled into a cylinder. The height of the cylinder is W and the circumference is L. The lateral area is the same as the original area of the card, LW. Therefore, the lateral area of the cylinder is found by multiplying its height by the circumference of its base. Written as a formula, this is
A = Ch
EXAMPLE: Find the lateral area of a rightcircular cylinder whose base has a radius of 4 inches and whose height is 6 inches.
Figure 18-15.-Lateral area of a cylinder.
SOLUTION: The circumference of the base is
The formula for the volume of a cylinder isobtained by the same reasoning process that was used for prisms. The cylinder is considered to be composed of many circular wafers, or disks, each one unit thick. The area of each disk, multiplied by the number of disks, is the volume of the cylinder. With V representing volume, A drepresenting the area of each disk, and n representing the number of disks, the formula is as follows:
V = Adn
Since the number of disks is the same as theheight of the cylinder, the formula for the volume of a cylinder is normally written
V = Bh
In this formula, B is the area of the base and his the height of the cylinder.
EXAMPLE: Determine the volume of a circularcylinder with a base of radius 5 inches and a height of 14 inches.
1. Determine the lateral area of a right circular cylinder with a base of diameter 7 inchesand a height of 4 inches.
2. Determine the volume of the cylinder in problem 1.
1. 88 sq in.