Quantcast The electrical information and layouts in construction drawings

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The electrical information and layouts in construction drawings, just as the mechanical plan, are generally superimposed on the building plan and the plot plan. 

In this chapter, we will address electrical plans as those drawings that pertain to the ELECTRICAL (POWER) DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM, which indicate outside power lines and appurtenances for multibuilding installations, and the INTERIOR ELECTRICAL WIRING SYSTEM. As an EA3, the electrical layout for both light and power is your main concern. You will be required to draw electrical drawings and layouts from notes, sketches, and specifications provided by the designing engineer. Although you are not required to design the electrical wiring system, you must be familiar with the methods, the symbols, and the nomenclature, as well as the basic functions of the components associated with the electrical systems, its transmission and distribution, and the circuits hookup. In addition, you must also be familiar with the codes (both NEC and local) and standards and specifications, and be able to apply that knowledge in drawing electrical plans.


Because the safety of the electrical system is of prime importance, it is imperative that all Navy electrical installations ashore conform to rigid standards and specifications. When preparing construction drawings, the EAs, like the CES, are required to follow the specifications issued by the Naval Facilities Engineering Command (NAV-FACENGCOM). In particular, an EA working on electrical wiring and layout diagrams for electrical plans should refer to the latest edition of ANSI Y32.9 and ANSI Y14.15.


Code requirements and installation procedures offer protection for the consumer against un-skilled electrical labor. Among other functions, the NEC serves as a basis for limiting the type and wiring to be used, the circuit size, the outlet spacings, the conduit requirements, and the like. In addition, local codes are also used when separate electrical sections are applicable to the locale in which the building will be built. Be certain that you always have a copy of the latest edition of the NEC available for your use.

Similarly, all of the types of electrical devices and fixtures included in the materials list prepared for electrical plans are to meet certain specifications and minimum requirements. An independent organization called Underwriters

Figure 9-23.-Common types of electrical symbols.

Laboratories (UL) tests various electrical fixtures and devices to determine if they meet minimum specification and safety requirements as set up by UL. Those fixtures and devices that are approved may then bear UL labels.


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