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Climatology as Related to Other Sciences

Three prefixes can be added to the word climatology to denote scale or magnitude. They are micro, meso, and macro and indicate small, medium, and large scales, respectively. These terms (micro, meso, and macro) are also applied to meteorology.

MICROCLIMATOLOGY. Microclimato-logical studies often measure small-scale contrasts, such as between hilltop and valley or between city and surrounding country. They may be of an ex-tremely small scale, such as one side of a hedge contrasted with the other, a plowed furrow ver-sus level soil, or opposite leaf surfaces. Climate in the microscale may be effectively modified by relatively simple human efforts.

MESOCLIMATOLOGY. Mesoclimatology embraces a rather indistinct middle ground between macroclimatology and microclimatology. The areas are smaller than those of macroclimatology and larger than those of microclimatology, and they may or may not be climatically representative of a general region.

MACROCLIMATOLOGY. Macroclimatology is the study of the large-scale climate of a large area or country. Climate of this type is not easily modified by human efforts. However, con-tinued pollution of the earth, its streams, rivers, and atmosphere, can eventually make these modifications.

Climate has become increasingly important in other scientific fields. Geographers, hydrologists, and oceanographers use quantitative measures of climate to describe or analyze the influence of our atmospheric environment. Climate classification has developed primarily in the field of geography. The basic role of the atmosphere in the oceanography.

ECOLOGY

Ecology is the study of the mutual relation-ship between organisms and their environment. Ecology is briefly mentioned here because the en-vironment of living organisms is directly affected by weather and climate, including those. changes in climate that are gradually being made by man. During our growing years as a nation, our in-terference with nature by diverting and damming rivers, clearing its lands, stripping its soils, and scarring its landscape has produced changes in climate. These changes have been on the micro and meso scale and possibly even on the macro scale.

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