Quantcast Appendix I - Glossary

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NOTE: Also refer to appendix III for terms associated with Christian liturgical gear, garments, objects, rituals, and symbols. Most of the terms and descriptions in appendix III are not presented or duplicated in appendix I.

ACTIVITY CALENDAR- An official schedule of events for an RMF.

ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICE- The area of the office of the chaplain in an RMF in which the administrative and counseling functions take place.

AISLE- An area in the worship center of an RMF that is used as a passageway separating sections of seats. A side of the nave separated from the nave proper.

ALLAH- Arabic or Islamic word for God.

ALTAR- The area in an RMF worship center that serves a the center of worship or ritual. A table or elevated area on which the Eucharistic elements are consecrated. A raised structure or place on which sacrifices are offered or incense is burned in the ritual of worship.

ARK- The enclosed structure, freestanding or built into the wall of the synagogue, that houses the Jewish scrolls of the law.

AUDIT BOARD- Board composed of at least two members that monitors and oversees the collection and distribution of monies associated with the religious offering fund.

AUXILIARY LIBRARY SERVICE COLLECTIONS- Special collections from which naval personnel can borrow publications by letter request to enhance intellectual or professional growth.

BANNER- A ceremonial standard made of cloth, usually rectangular in shape and adorned with pictures, religious emblems, or some symbol. A banner is usually attached to a crossbar at the top of a rod. It can be carried in a procession or used to decorate a wall.

BAPTISM- A Christian sacrament marked by the ritual use of water signifying the initiation and admittance of the person being baptized into the Christian community. A ritual act of purification.

BAPTISTERY- A part of the RMF used for baptism.

BAR MITZVAH- Ceremony for Jewish boys, held on the 13th birthday, celebrating the coming of age of responsibility.

BAT MITZVAH- Ceremony for Jewish girls, held on the 12th or 13th birthday, celebrating the coming of age of responsibility.

BHIKKU- Buddhist clergy.

BIMAH- A raised platform with a reader's desk or table from which the reading of the law and other Jewish liturgical functions are conducted.

BLANKET PURCHASE AGREEMENT (BPA)- A method the chaplain's office can use to make small purchases in the open market. It provides a simplified procedure of setting up charge accounts with certain sources of supply.

BONZE- A Buddhist monk of the Far East. Characteristics associated with the robe of a Buddhist monk.

BUDDHA- Prince Siddhartha, Indian philosopher and founder of Buddhism.

BUDDHISM- A religion of eastern and central Asia originating from the teachings of Gautama Buddha.

BULLETIN- A printed outline or agenda of a devotional or religious service conducted within the worship center of an RMF.

BURNOUT- Emotional exhaustion resulting from continued, unresolved stress.

CANTOR- A synagogue official who sings or chants liturgical music and leads the congregation in prayer during Jewish services.

CARD CATALOG- In a general library, the patrons' index of the library's collections. In a media center, a card index of the media center's equipment and holdings.

CASSOCK- A close-fitting, ankle-length garment with long narrow sleeves that fastens from neck to foot and is worn as an undergarment during liturgical functions.

CENTRAL PROCESSING UNIT (CPU)- The part of a computer that interprets and executes instructions. It is often referred to as the brain of the computer.

CEREMONIAL GUARD- Specially trained ceremonial personnel or voluntary funeral honors personnel who perform at national cemeteries for graveside services and other associated events.

CHANCEL- That area of the church or worship center, usually around the altar, assigned to the officiating clergy and choir. Also see Sanctuary.

CHANNELING- A form of meditative communication associated with the New Age movement. A form of communication with the spirits of the deceased.

CHAPEL- A place for worship services. A chapel may also have a special purpose, such as the reservation of the Blessed Sacrament or use as a shrine.

CHAPLAIN- An ordained religious leader of any endorsing faith group who is officially attached to a branch of the military.

CHAPLAIN BACKING- The concept of the primary duty of the RP to support and protect the chaplain so the chaplain can carry out official duties.

CHAPLAIN DEFENSE- The concept of the RP's duty during wartime or combat to protect the chaplain as the chaplain administers to personnel. Trained as combatants, RPs serve as the first defense of military chaplains who are noncombatants.

CHAPLAIN'S ASSISTANT-A person, not in the RP rating, who serves as a paid or volunteer assistant to the chaplain.

CHOIR- An organized body of singers that performs during worship services. The part of the chancel between the sanctuary and the nave.

CHRIST- In Christianity, the Messiah or Jesus symbolizing the ideal type or form of humanity.

CHRISTIANITY- The religion derived from the teachings of Jesus Christ and practiced by Eastern, Roman Catholic, and Protestant faith groups.

CHUPPAH- Bridal canopy used in a Jewish wedding ceremony.

CLASSIFIED INFORMATION- Official information determined to be in the interest of national security and labeled protected against unauthorized disclosure.

CLASSIFIED MATERIAL- Any matter, document,

product, or substance inscribed with classified information.

CLERGY- The official or sacerdotal class of a religion.


The provision of the opportunity for the free exercise of religion by the members of a command and their dependents and providing the ministries appropriate to their rights and needs. Provided through the CRP are officiating clergy, RPs, facilities such as the religious ministries facility (RMF) and services such as worship services, liturgies, rites, religious education, pastoral ministries, humanitarian projects, counseling, and referral services. The RP must support the goals of the CRP.

COMMEMORATION- To acknowledge by ceremony, observance, or ritual. One of the four concepts upon which Christian rites and ceremonies are based.

COMPUTER LITERATE- In computer language, the characteristic of being functionally knowledgeable in the use of computer equipment, systems, programs, and software.

CONFIDENTIALITY- The professional commitment and act on the part of all fiduciary personnel of safeguarding all private and personal information against unauthorized disclosure.

CONFIRMATION- In Christianity, the rite of conferring the gift of the Holy Spirit. Among Protestant religions, the rite of conferring full church membership. In Judaism, a ceremony confirming Jewish youths in their ancestral faith.

CONSECRATION- The act or ceremony of the Eucharist. The act of making or declaring something or someone sacred. The act of inducting a person by means of a religious rite. The part of a communion rite in which the bread and wine are consecrated.

CONSERVATIVE JUDAISM- Judaism as practiced among some Jews of the United States with adherence to the Torah and Talmud but with selected allowances for some departures in Orthodox Judaism in keeping with differing times and circumstances.

COUNSELING- One of the services provided by the chaplains in an RMF involving confidentiality and the honoring of privileged information. The professional service of providing guidance to an individual by means of psychological methods such as taking case histories, using personal interviewing techniques, and helping to devise a plan of action or behavior for the person being counseled.

CURRICULUM MATERIALS- Materials in various areas of specialization used for religious education.

DATABASE- In computer language, a collection of facts about a subject or subjects, divided into files and records that are organized for easy access.

DENOMINATION- A religious organization uniting in a single legal and administrative body a number of congregations following the basic tenets of that organization. In Christianity, one of the many branches or faith groups within the Christian religion.

DESKTOP PUBLISHING- A method of using personal computer equipment and systems to produce printed materials of professional quality.

DEWEY DECIMAL CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM- A system of classification used for books and other publications in general libraries to group materials according to subject areas. The main classes are designated by three-digit numbers preceding a decimal point and the subclasses are shown by numbers following the decimal point.

DIAGRAMMING- A method of outlining, laying out, or structuring a task or program by examining each of the major separate parts.

DIRECTORY- See Information and Referral Directory.

DISABILITY- A condition of being disabled or disadvantaged as a result of a physical or mental impairment.

DISCLOSURE- The act of communicating or making known thoughts, desires, plans, or actions that would otherwise remain hidden. Disclosure is an important aspect of the relationship between the chaplain and the RP.

DISK OPERATING SYSTEM- In computer language, the disk operating system (DOS) is a

complex program used to control, assist, operate, or supervise all other programs that run on a computer system.

EASTERN ORTHODOX CHURCH- A major religion or faith group of Christianity composed of the Eastern churches according allegiance to the patriarch of Constantinople and adhering to the decisions of the first seven ecumenical councils and the Byzantine form of ritual.

ECCLESIASTICAL ENDORSING AGENCY- The official agency of a specific faith group that endorses its own clerical requirements regarding the application and appointment of chaplains.

ECUMENICAL COUNCIL- In Christianity, a worldwide gathering of leaders of the Christian church convened to rule on teachings within the church.

EUCHARIST- In Christianity, the act of communion. A Christian sacrament involving the ritual use of bread and wine.

EXTREME UNCTION- In Christianity, a sacrament in which a priest anoints a critically ill or injured person and prays for the person's recovery and salvation.

FAITH GROUP- A group professing beliefs in the traditional doctrines of a religion.

FELLOWSHIP- Community of interest, activity, feeling, or experience accorded to members of a given church or faith group.

FIELD EQUIPMENT AND SUPPLIES- Special faith group kits and supplies used by chaplains and RPs to administer to Navy and Marine Corps personnel in the field or in mobile or combat situations.

FORMAL LITURGICAL RITE- In Christianity, the style in which the worship service is offered according to fixed rites.

FREE EXERCISE OF RELIGION- The underlying principle of the U.S. Navy Chaplain Corps emphasizing the promotion of the spiritual, religious, moral, and personal well-being through ministry to naval personnel, their family members, and other authorized personnel. The CRP is the vehicle through which the commanding officer of an activity provides for divine services, sacraments, ordinances, rites and ceremonies, outreach programs, pastoral care and counseling, spiritual growth, and religious education to promote the free exercise of religion of all authorized persons regardless of faith group association.

FREE-STYLE LITURGICAL RITE- In Christianity, the less structured style of liturgical rite used in some Protestant faith groups.

FUNERAL- Religious observances held for a dead person usually before burial or cremation.

GENERAL LIBRARY- A collection of well-balanced, uncensored, unbiased books, periodicals, and other print and nonprint media covering a variety of general subject areas and to be used by naval personnel, their dependents, and other authorized personnel for their intellectual growth and education.

GENERAL LIBRARY PROGRAM- The Navy's program for providing general libraries afloat and ashore to be used by naval personnel, their dependents, or other authorized persons.

GENERAL SUPPORT- Concept relating to general RP duties for chaplain support and backing including responsibilities for libraries, media centers, printing and publications, worship models, logistics, supply, and other support requirements for the RMF and CRP.

GRAPHICS- In computer language, the ability of a program to produce illustrations.

HAJJ- In Islam, the sacred pilgrimage of the faithful to Mecca.

HANUKKAH- The Jewish festival of lights celebrated in December.

HARDWARE- In computer terminology, hardware is the computer equipment that includes the computer or CPU itself, keyboard, printer, and monitor.

HOLIDAY- Originating from holy days, a day in commemoration of an event or person on which one may be exempt from a normal work schedule.

HOLISTIC HEALING- A type of healing combining medical and spiritual aspects emphasizing the organic or functional relationship between parts and wholes.

HONORS CEREMONY- In military weddings, the ceremony of forming an arch of swords or weapons under which the bride and groom pass.

IBADAT- In Islam, the obligatory acts of worship known as the Five Pillars of Islam.

IMAM- In Islam, the chief officer or leader of the congregation of a mosque.

IMPREST FUND- Similar to a petty cash fund, the imprest fund provides a simple, economic, and strictly controlled method of making emergency purchases of supply items not exceeding $100.

INCLUSIVENESS- Broad in orientation or scope. As a goal of Navy and Marine Corps religious ministries, the characteristic of covering a variety of services to all authorized military personnel, their dependents, and other authorized persons to promote the free exercise of religion, regardless of faith group, denomination, or choice of belief.

INFORMAL LITURGICAL RITE- See Freestyle Liturgical Rite.

INFORMATION AND REFERRAL DIRECTORY- An up-to-date compilation of information including applicable Navy, Marine Corps, and civilian programs, facilities, and organizations that can provide services to the people served by an RMF. This directory is a very valuable tool Navy chaplains can use in their efforts to administer to military personnel and their families in meeting and overcoming a variety of problems including those associated with deployment, separation, duty tours, stress, illness, crises, and other emergencies. A major responsibility of the RP is to compile and upgrade this directory.

INPUT DEVICE- A device such as a keyboard or mouse by which facts are entered into a computer.

ISLAM- Religion of the followers of the teachings of Mohammed, According to the Qur'an (Koran), the name of the true religion meaning submission to God.

ISRAEL- The republic of Israel, also known as the modern homeland of the Jewish people.

JESUS- The Jewish religious teacher whose life, death, and resurrection, as reported by the Evangelists, formed the basis of the Christian religion.

JEWISH CALENDAR- A calendar used among Jewish peoples dating from about 3761 before the Christian era. The Jewish calendar, or luah, is a guide to religious observances as well as a date reminder.

JUDAISM- A major religion originating among the ancient Hebrews and based on the belief in one God who revealed himself to Abraham, Moses, and the Hebrew prophets and on way of life according to God's laws as written in the Torah. Judaism was the precursor of both Christianity and Islam. Currently, there are three major branches of Judaism: Orthodox, Conservative, and Reform.

JUDEO-CHRISTIAN- Term associated with any element of culture or religion having its roots in both Judaism and Christianity.

KORAN- The sacred book of Islam containing the words of Allah as revealed to Mohammed. Also known as the Qur'an and Quor'an.

KOSHER- Hebrew term denoting those foods that are judged to be fit or proper for consumption according to biblical (Jewish) and rabbinic dietary laws.

LAMA- A master or spiritual guide in Tibetan Buddhism.

LAY READER- In Christianity, a lay person who is authorized to conduct portions of worship services not requiring an ordained member of the clergy.

LIBRARY OFFICER- A Navy officer or petty officer assigned to plan, organize, and administer a shipboard general library.

LITURGICAL RITES- A body of rites prescribed for public worship. Sometimes also referred to as Eucharistic rites.

LITURGY- A rite commonly prescribed for public worship. In some religions, a rite that is also referred to as a Eucharistic rite.

LOGISTICS SUPPORT- In the RP rating, the support aspects and requirements associated with procurement, maintenance, transportation, and care of the appropriate required liturgical gear, field liturgical equipment and kits, and all the forms, supplies, and services required for the smooth operation of an RMF.

LUSTRAL- Holy water used by Buddhist monks for ceremonies and rituals.

MAHAYANA- A branch of Buddhism commonly practiced among Buddhists in the United States.

MARKETING- A variety of functions involved in establishing and reaching a market for an outreach program associated with an RMF and publicizing the results.

MATRIMONY- Often conducted as a religious and social ritual, the official joining of a man and woman as husband and wife or of two individuals as a couple.

MECCA- The holy city of Islam.

MEDIA CENTER- Area provided in an RMF for the procurement, storage, maintenance, inventory, and distribution of audiovisual media such as filmstrips, slides, motion pictures, videotapes, overhead transparencies, tapes, recordings, bulletin boards, charts, clipboards, flat pictures, maps, murals, globes, models, and other media as well as audiovisual equipment and accessories for use in religious education, special events, and other programs sponsored or supported by the RMF.

MENORAH- Jewish candelabrum, especially with seven branches.

MIDRASH- Rabbinic commentary on the Bible, clarifying legal points or bringing out lessons by stories, parables, or legends.

MILITARY FUNERALS- The customs, traditions, and honors associated with the funeral and burial services of active duty, retired, and former members of the military service in honor of the deceased member's service to his or her country.

MILITARY WEDDINGS- A wedding ceremony that takes place in an RMF involving military personnel in uniform and the tradition of honoring the bride.

MINISTER- An ordained member of the clergy who officiates during public worship. In Christianity, an ordained member of the clergy of several of the Protestant faith groups. A superior of one of several religious orders.

MINISTRY- The office, duties, responsibilities, functions, of ordained members of the clergy and support personnel as they promote the exercise of religion. In the Navy and Marine Corps, ministry is provided to military members and their families and dependents to encourage and promote the free exercise of religion among sea services personnel.

MISSIONARY WORK- A ministry authorized and supported by a religious organization to spread its faith and promote humanitarian works.

MOHAMMED- The Holy Prophet of Islam.

MONK- In Buddhism and other specific religions, a monk is a holy man.

MONOGAMY- The state or custom of being married to only one person at a time.

MOSES- The Hebrew prophet who led the ancient Israelites out of Egyptian slavery; received God's revelation, laws, and covenant with the ancient Israelites; and delivered God's word to the Hebrews.

MOSQUE- Islamic worship center.

MULLAH- A graduate of an Islamic college. A teacher of Islam.

MUSLIM- A believer or follower of Islam.

NARTHEX- A vestibule leading to the nave of a worship center or church.

NAVE- The main part of the interior of a worship center or church.

NEW AGE MOVEMENT- A religious, spiritual, and social movement that gained prominence in the 1980s pertaining to cultural concerns and spiritual values and often combining beliefs in reincarnation, astrology, holistic medicine, metaphysics, and strong ecological awareness and concerns.

NIRVANA- In Buddhism, the state representing the highest stage of enlightenment or paradise; the highest stage of goodness.

ORDER- A community under a religious rule, usually one in which members must take a solemn vow. In Christianity, any one of several grades of ministry or the office of a person in the ministry. Generally, a group of people united in some type of formal way. Also referred to as a military or religious decoration.

ORDINATION- The act of being or having been ordained; that is, to be or have been invested or appointed officially with ministerial or priestly authority.

ORTHODOX CHURCH- See Eastern Orthodox Church.

ORTHODOX JUDAISM- The branch of Judaism that adheres to the scriptures of the Torah and Talmud as interpreted by authoritative rabbinic law and applied to traditional principles and laws of Jewish life.

OUTPUT DEVICE- A device that renders data produced by a computer (output) in some usable form either directly to the user, to another computer, or to some form of storage. The most commonly used output device in most office settings is the printer.

OUTREACH PROGRAM- A special, time-limited program sponsored by an RMF in which special needs are identified through marketing research and goals accomplished by means of humanitarian or community service projects, representing an extension of spiritual renewal emanating from the people served by and associated with the RMF.

PASSOVER- Jewish holy day celebrated for 8 days in spring representing the flight of the ancient Israelites from Egyptian slavery.

PASTORAL CARE- Spiritual care and guidance provided by chaplains to the persons served by an RMF or other authorized persons.

PASTORAL COUNSELING- Counseling provided by a chaplain of an RMF to command personnel and their families regarding personal, professional, spiritual, and emotional matters.

PENANCE- A sacramental rite practiced in some Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, and Anglican faith groups. It usually consists of confession, absolution, and a penance directed by the confessor. Generally, an act of devotion or sorrow to show repentance for sin.

PERIODICAL LITERATURE- In general libraries, periodical literature includes any type of publication, such as a magazine, published at regular intervals. In libraries, magazines are often referred to as periodicals.

PERSONAL COMPUTER- The computer components required for an individual user to input data and to have it processed, stored, and readied for output in some usable form. In a typical office setting, these basic components usually consist of a central processing unit (CPU) (the computer itself), monitor (display or screen), keyboard (input device), and printer (output device).

PERSONAL PRIVACY- In pastoral counseling, the right guaranteed to an individual engaged in a fiduciary relationship with any person under the authority of the Office of the Chaplain to have any communicated information safeguarded against unauthorized disclosure. Also, an individual's rights regarding access to or the collection, safeguarding, storage, alteration, use, and distribution of personal information.

PLURALISM- A state of society in which members of diverse religious, ethnic, racial, and social cultures or groups maintain their tradition values while being part of a broad community. In providing religious ministry to all sea service personnel, all persons associated with the Office of the Chaplain must acknowledge and respect religious pluralism among the persons they serve.

PRIEST- In Christianity, an ordained member of the clergy of some Anglican, Roman Catholic, or Eastern Orthodox faith groups ranking below a bishop and above a deacon. Generally, a member of the clergy authorized to perform the sacred rites of a religion.

PRIVILEGED COMMUNICATION- A special relationship involving written or spoken communication between two or more persons in which the counselor and the confessor are both protected against the release of any communicated information.

PROPHETS- Individuals inspired by God to tell of God's love for mankind.

PROTESTANT REFORMATION- In Christianity, a reform movement started in the 16th century by Martin Luther and John Calvin against the universal authority of the Roman Catholic Church and the Pope and asserting the primacy of the Bible as the revealed truth.

PROTESTANTISM- A Christian religion not of the Roman Catholic or Eastern Orthodox faith groups but adhering to some form of Protestant doctrine.

PSYCHOLOGICAL EMERGENCY- An emotional crisis experienced by an individual in which external intervention is necessary.

QUOR'AN- The Quor'an (Qur'an or Koran) is the sacred book of Islam.

RABBI- An official leader of a Jewish congregation trained and ordained for professional religious leadership in the Jewish faith.

RAMADAN- An Islamic religious holiday during the 9th month of the Mohammedan year observed by fasting from dawn to sunset.

RECURRENCE- An act that occurs at regular intervals in some form of religious ritual.

REFERENCE LIBRARY- In a general library, a group of literary works usually representing a compilation of immediately accessible facts. In a general library, reference materials are usually restricted to use in the library and are not offered for circulation.

REFORM JUDAISM- A branch of Judaism involving the simplification of traditional rituals to accommodate modem life. Also known as Liberal or Progressive Judaism.

REINCARNATION- In some Eastern religions, such as Buddhism, reincarnation is the state of being reborn in a new form of life. Also, the rebirth of the soul in a new human body.

RELIGION- A personal or institutionalized system of religious attitudes, beliefs, and practices.

RELIGIOUS EDUCATION- A facet of ministry in the RMF devoted to the education of its members in specific subject areas representative of a variety of faith group objectives.

RELIGIOUS EDUCATION CENTER- That part of the RMF in which classes are conducted in specific religious subjects for the continuing education of its members.

RELIGIOUS MINISTRIES FACILITY- Whether afloat or ashore, the center for worship for sea services personnel. The primary areas of an RMF are the worship center, religious education center, and administrative office or offices.

RELIGIOUS MINISTRY- The concept of providing the exercise and expression of worship to all personnel.

RELIGIOUS PLURALISM- In religious ministries, religious pluralism refers to the diversity of religions and faith groups practiced by Navy and Marine Corps personnel. Because religious support personnel must be prepared to provide the free exercise of religion to all authorized persons, the concept of religious pluralism is extremely important in meeting the needs of sea services personnel and their families.

RELIGIOUS PROGRAM SUPPORT- All factors involved in the smooth operation of the RMF and its programs. These factors may involve clerical, supply, personnel, worship, administrative, or procurement functions. One of the primary duties and responsibilities of the RP rating is to provide religious program support.

RELIGIOUS PROGRAMMING- The primary task of RPs to provide a variety of services to authorized personnel and their families in support of the goals of religious ministries, chaplains, and CRPs.

RELIGIOUS TRACK- A type of devotional or religious literature selected by the chaplain and covering specific subjects.

RIGGING AND UNRIGGING- Preparation of the worship center area for services or special events.

RITE- A religious ceremonial act.

RITUAL- The established form of a religious ceremony.

ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH- A major Christian religion not of the Protestant or Eastern Orthodox faith groups but characterized by formal communion with the Pope, a hierarchy of bishops and priests under the Pope, a liturgy centered in the mass, and a body of dogma formulated by the church.

ROSH HASHANAH- Holy day celebrated in September or October representing the Jewish New Year.

SABBATH- In Judaism and Christianity, the 7th day of the week observed as a time of worship and rest. In Judaism and among some Christian faith groups, the Sabbath is observed from Friday evening to Saturday evening. Among most Christian faith groups, the Sabbath is observed on Sunday.

SACRAMENT- A formal religious act considered to be sacred observed as a sign or symbol of spiritual reality. In Christianity, a formal religious act believed to have been instituted or recognized by Jesus Christ.

SACRISTY- An area in the worship center where sacred vessels and vestments are kept and where the clergy vests.

SALAT- In Islam, the obligatory Muslim prayer service held five times daily; one of the Pillars of Islam.

SANCTUARY- In Judaism and Christianity, the most sacred part of a religious building or worship center where worship services are held.

SANGAH- In Buddhism, a monastic order to which members of the Buddhist clergy belong.

SAWN- In Islam, the ritual of fasting.

SCREENING CLIENTS- A task performed by RPs of obtaining basic information concerning persons seeking assistance from the chaplain at an RMF.

SECULAR- A person not bound to the monastic vows or laws of a specific religion.

SENSITIVITY- The characteristic of being sensitive; a state of being delicately aware of the feeling, beliefs, and attitudes of other people. Sensitivity is one of the most important characteristics of a good RP.

SERVICE- A form of religious worship or ceremony, sometimes referred to as a divine service.

SERVICING- The act of repairing or keeping equipment in good operating condition.

SEXIST LANGUAGE- Language that intentionally or unintentionally refers to stereotyped characteristics of males or females. Generally referred to as a form of derogatory or insensitive description of traditionally male or female characteristics.

SHARI'AH- Islamic law.

SHELFLIST- An official record or inventory of a library's holdings.

SHEVUOTH- Jewish holiday celebrated in July commemorating the giving of the Ten Commandments.

SHIITE- A major group (not Sunni) within the Islamic faith.

SHIVA- In Judaism, a 7-day period of mourning following the death of a relative.

SHOFAR- In Judaism and some faith groups of Christianity, the shofar is a ram's horn used as a trumpet that produces distinctive notes and is blown ritually during the penitential season. In Judaism, a ram's horn is blown by ancient Hebrews in battle and in high religious observances before and during Rosh Hashanah and at the conclusion of Yom Kippur.

SKHAHADAH- The Islamic declaration of faith.

SOFTWARE- The entire set of programs, procedures, or instructions that enables a computer to do useful work.

SPECIAL EVENTS AND PROGRAMS- Events or programs other than regular worship services or programs commemorating an individual, event, special occasion, or holiday as deemed by the CRP to be important enough to require a special event or program associated with the RMF.

SPECIALTY REPORTS- The reports generated from a command for special purposes. Usually the data for these reports are gathered by RPs.

SPIRITUAL GROWTH- The enhancement of the individual in matters concerning spiritual values.

SUNNI- In Islam, a major faith group (not Shiite).

SUTRA- In Buddhism, a text embodying the words of the Buddha.

SYMBOL- A physical object representing a spiritual value, act, event, or entity.

SYMBOLISM- The use of physical or traditional signs to represent divine beings or spirits.

SYNAGOGUE- The house of worship (temple) and communal center of a Jewish congregation.

TALMUD- In Judaism, the authoritative body of Jewish tradition encompassing the Mishnah and Gemara.

TEN COMMANDMENTS- In Judaism and Christianity, according to the Bible, the ethical commandments by God given to Moses on Mount Sinai in the form of stone tablets.

TORAH- In Judaism, the body of wisdom and law contained in Jewish Scripture and other sacred literature and oral tradition.

TRANSLITERATION- A word in English or another

written language representing the phonetic presentation of the characters that form that word in another alphabet.

TRIPTIKA- The sacred book of Buddhism.

TROUBLESHOOTING- The act of tracing a flaw or fault in a piece of equipment to its source or origin.

UMMA- In Islam, the Muslim community worldwide.

VISITING CHAPLAIN- A chaplain who visits the sick in a hospital or the inmates in a brig.

VOLUNTEER- One who renders a service willingly and without legal or formal compensation.

WEDDING- A marriage ceremony.

WORD PROCESSING EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS- Any type of equipment or systems used for word processing functions.

WORSHIP- Reverence paid to a divine being.

WORSHIP CENTER- The area in an RMF in which the congregation gathers for worship services.

WORSHIP MODEL- The image of a worship system used in an RMF.

YAD- In Judaism, the pointer made of silver or olive wood used to guide the reading of the Torah.

YOM KIPPUR- A Jewish holiday observed with fasting and prayer representing the Jewish day of atonement.

ZAKAT- In Islam, an obligatory form of charity.

ZEN- In Buddhism, the term for meditation. Zen specifically designates the Japanese meditation sect of Mahayana Buddhism.


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