Quantcast proportion to the instantaneous value of a physical variable. An example of an analog signal is the output power of an optical source whose intensity is a function of a continuous electrical input signal. "> Analog transmission

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ANALOG TRANSMISSION

An analog signal is a continuous signal whose amplitude, phase, or some other property varies in a direct proportion to the instantaneous value of a physical variable. An example of an analog signal is the output power of an optical source whose intensity is a function of a continuous electrical input signal.

Most analog fiber optic communications systems intensity modulate the optical source. In intensity modulation, the intensity of the optical source's output signal is directly modulated by the incoming electrical analog baseband signal. A baseband signal is a signal that is in its original form and has not been changed by a modulation technique.

In some cases, the optical source may be directly modulated by a incoming electrical signal that is not a baseband signal. In these cases the original electrical signal generally modulates an electrical subcarrier frequency. The most common form of analog subcarrier modulation in fiber optic systems is frequency modulation (FM). The optical source is intensity modulated by the electrical subcarrier.

While most fiber optic systems employ digital modulation techniques, there are certain applications where analog modulation techniques are preferred.

The transmission of video using analog techniques is very popular, especially for shorter distances, where costs can be minimized and complex multiplexing and timing equipment is unnecessary. The transmission of analog voice signals may also be attractive in small, short-haul systems. In addition, fiber optic sensor systems may incorporate analog transmission. Requirements that analog transmission places on applications include high signal-to-noise ratio and high source linearity. While analog transmission can be attractive for short-haul or medium-haul systems, it is unattractive for long-haul systems where digital techniques provide better performance.

Q.10 What is an analog signal?
Q.11 What type of modulation do most analog fiber optic communications systems use?
Q.12 Why has the transmission of video using analog techniques been very popular, especially for shorter distances?




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