Shipboard Electronic Equipment Wire-Marking Systems
The following explanation is an example of the type of conductor marking used in shipboard electronic equipment. These conductors may be contained in cables within the equipment. Cables within equipment are usually numbered by the manufacturer. These numbers will be found in the technical manual for the equipment. If the cables connect equipment between compartments on a ship, they will be marked by the shipboard cable-numbering system previously described.
On the conductor lead, at the end near the point of connection to a terminal post, spaghetti sleeving is used as a marking material and an insulator. The sleeving is marked with identifying numbers and letters and then slid over the conductor. The marking on the sleeving identifies the conductor connections both "to" and "from" by giving the following information (figure 3-4):
Figure 3-4. - Designating conductor marking between unlike terminals.
The terminal "from"
The terminal board "to"
The terminal "to."
These designations on the sleeving are separated by a dash. The order of the markings is such that the first set of numbers and letters reading from left to right is the designation corresponding to the terminal "from" which the conductor runs. Following this is the number of the terminal board "to" which the conductor runs. ("TB" is omitted when the sleeve is marked.) The third designation is the terminal "to" which the conductor runs.
For example, as shown in figure 3-4, the conductor is attached to terminal 2A of terminal board 101 (terminal "from" 2A on the spaghetti sleeving).
The next designation on the sleeving is 401, indicating it is going "to" terminal board 401. The last designation is 7B, indicating it is attached "to" terminal 7B of TB 401. The spaghetti marking on the other end of the conductor is read the same way. The conductor is going "from" terminal 7B on terminal board 401 "to" terminal 2A on terminal board 101.
On occasion, it may be necessary to run conductors to units that have no terminal board numbers; for example, a junction box. In this case, an easily recognizable abbreviation may be used in place of the terminal board number on the spaghetti sleeving. The designation "JB2" indicates that the conductor is connected to junction box No. 2. A conductor to junction box No. 2 of a piece of equipment would be identified as shown in figure 3-5. In the same manner, a plug would be identified as "P."
This P number would be substituted for the terminal board number marking on the sleeving.
Figure 3-5. - Marking of conductors running to a junction box.
POWER TOOL AND APPLIANCE MARKING SYSTEMS
As with the wire- and cable-numbering systems discussed so far, there are many color-coding systems used in electrical and electronic applications. The color-coding system discussed here is the one used to code conductors for power tools and appliances.
An electrical power tool or appliance is required to have a three-wire cable. The conductors in the cable are color-coded black, white, and green. At shore bases or civilian facilities, one side of the electrical input is grounded. The grounded side is called the "common," and is color-coded white. The other side of the input is called the "line," or hot side, and is color coded "black". The green conductor is connected to ground and to the frame of the applicance or tool.
Aboard ship, neither side is grounded; therefore, both sides are considered the "fine," or both are hot. The black or the white conductor may be connected to either line, since there is no difference. The green conductor is connected to ground. Ground aboard ship is the ship's hull.
The purpose of the ground wire (green) is to prevent an electrical shock to the operator in case there is an electrical short to the frame of the appliance or tool.