Quantcast Preinsulated Splices wire size. Splices are color coded in the same manner as preinsulated small copper terminal lugs (see table 2-2). ">

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Preinsulated permanent copper splices are used to join small copper wire AWG sizes No. 26 through No. 10. A typical splice is shown in figure 2-23. Note that the splice preinsulation extends over the wire insulation. Each splice size can be used for more than one wire size. Splices are color coded in the same manner as preinsulated small copper terminal lugs (see table 2-2).

Figure 2-23. - Preinsulated copper splice.

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Crimping Procedure for Splices.

Crimping small preinsulated copper splices in the No. 26 to No. 14 wire-size range can be accomplished with several recommended tools. In this section, we will discuss the basic crimping procedures.

  • Strip wire to length following one of the procedures already discussed.

With the tool handles fully open, set the wire size selector knob to the proper position for the wire size being crimped. Slide the terminal lug locator down below the die surface into the fully retracted position. (See figure 2-24.) Slide the splice locator back into the retracted position. Insert the splice into the tool so that the "locating shoulder" on the side of the splice to be crimped is in the space between the two crimping dies. The insulation barrel on this side of the splice should protrude from the "wire side" of the tool. (See figure 2-24.) Slide the splice locator into the fully extended position. Insert the splice into the stationary die so that the locator "finger" fits into the locator groove in the splice.

Figure 2-24. - Locating splice in crimping tool.

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  • Squeeze the tool handles slowly until the tool jaws hold the spice barrel firmly in place, but without denting he barrel.
  • Insert the stripped wire into the splice barrel, which protrudes from the "wire side" of the splice, until the stripped end of wire butts against the stop in the center of the splice. This can be seen through the splice inspection window.
  • Crimp by closing the tool handles. The tool will not open until the full crimping cycle has been completed.
  • After crimping, check that the wire end is still visible through the splice inspection window.
  • Reverse the position of the splice in the crimping tool (or location of the crimping tool on the splice) and repeat steps 1 through 6 to crimp the wire into the other side of the splice.

If the correct tools are used and the proper procedures followed, crimp-on connections are more effective electrically, as well as mechanically, than soldered connections. A visual inspection is very important. It reveals oxidation, deterioration, overheating, and broken conductors. In some cases it may be necessary to check these connections with an ohmmeter. The proper resistance, for all practical purposes, should be zero. Any defective terminal should be removed and a new terminal crimped on.

Q.18 What is the most common method of terminating and splicing wires? answer.gif (214 bytes)
Q.19 Besides not having to insulate a noninsulated terminal, what other advantage is gained by using a preinsulated terminal lug? answer.gif (214 bytes)
Q.20 Why are preinsulated terminal lugs and splices color coded? answer.gif (214 bytes)

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