Quantcast multiplication may be performed in any order."> Order of Operations

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ORDER OF OPERATIONS

When a series of operations involving addition, subtraction, multiplication, or division is indicated, the order in which the operations are performed is important only if division is involved or if the operations are mixed. A series of individual additions, subtractions, or multiplication may be performed in any order.

Thus, In

    4 + 2 + 7 + 5 = 18

or

    100 - 20 - 10 - 3 = 67

or

    4 x 2 x 7 x 5 = 280

the numbers may be combined in any order desired. For example, they may be grouped easily to give

    6 + 12 = 18

and

    97 - 30 = 67

and

    40 x 7 = 280

A series of divisions should be taken in the order written.

Thus,

    100 10 2 = 10 2 = 5

In a series of mixed operations, perform multiplications and divisions in order from left to right, then perform additions and subtractions in order from left to right.

For example

    100 4 x 5 = 25 x 5 = 125

and

    60 - 25 5 = 60 - 5 = 55

Now consider

Practice problems. Evaluate each of the following expressions:

1.9 3 + 2 
2. 18 - 2 x 5 + 4
3. 90 2 9
4. 75 5 x 3 5
5. 7 + 1 - 8 x 4 16

Answers:

1. 5           4. 9

2. 12         5. 6

3. 5

MULTIPLES AND FACTORS

Any number that is exactly divisible by a given number is a MULTIPLE of the given number. For example, 24 is a multiple of 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, and 12, since it is divisible by each of these numbers. Saying that 24 is a multiple of 3, for instance, is equivalent to saying that 3 multiplied by some whole number will give 24. Any number is a multiple of itself and also of 1.

Any number that is a multiple of 2 is an EVEN NUMBER. The even numbers begin with 2 and progress by 2s as follows:

2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, . . .

Any number that Is not a multiple of 2 Is an ODD NUMBER. The odd numbers begin with 1 and progress by 2s, as follows:

1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, . . .

Any number that CM be divided into a given number without a remainder ir a FACTOR of the given number. The given number Is a multiple of any number that is one of Its factors. For example, 2, S, 4, 6; 8, and 12 are factors of 24. The following four equalities show various combinations of the factors of 24:

        24 = 24 x 1         24 = 8 x 3

        24 = 12 x 2        24 = 6 x 4

If the number 24 is factored as completely as possible, it assumes the form

24 = 2 x 2 x 2 x 3




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