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ELECTRICAL THEORY APPENDIX A METRIC SYSTEM AND POWERS OF TEN Metric Svstem Units of the international metric system, commonly called SI (system internationale), are used in electricity. The seven basic units are shown on Table A1. Two supplementary units of SI are shown on Table A2. TABLE A1 BASE UNITS of the INTERNATIONAL METRIC SYSTEM
TABLE A2 SUPPLEMENTARY SI UNITS
These base and supplemental units are used to derive other units. Most of the units of measure used in electricity are derived units. These units are shown on Table A3. Some of these are derived from the base units, and some are derived from other derived units, or a combination of both. For example, the unit of current is the ampere, which is derived from the base units of second and coulomb. The derivation of these units is beyond the scope of this text. However, units commonly used in the study and use of electricity and their relationship to other units of measure are discussed in Chapter 3, Units of Electrical Measurement. TABLE A3 DERIVED SI UNITS
When working with basic electrical measurement units, sometimes the values are too large or too small to express conveniently. For convenience, add metric prefixes (Table A4) to the basic unit. For example, if we have a resistor that is 1,000,000 ohms (), we can add the prefix kilo, or its designated symbol K, and express the value as 1,000 K, or the metric prefix mega (symbol M) and express the value as 1 M. In the case of capacitance or current, we may have a very small value such as 0.002 amperes (symbol A) or 0.000005 farads (symbol F). These values can be expressed by adding the prefix milli (symbol m) and expressing the current as 2 milli amperes or 2 mA, or adding the prefix micro (symbol ) and expressing the capacitance as 5 micro farads, or 5 F.


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